Converting To/From Hex with PowerShell

By Michael Flanakin @ 12:16 PM :: 35354 Views :: PowerShell :: Digg it!

PowerShell

If you're doing any web or WPF/Silverlight work, you're probably used to dealing with the RGB (red-green-blue) hex color format. I can't tell you how many times over the years I've opened the calculator to convert to/from hex values to either get a specific value or find out what percentage is being used. I'm sure graphic artists deal with this a lot, because I know I find it relatively annoying when I've used apps in the past that only accepted 3 decimal numbers instead of the RGB hex format. That's changed over the years, however. I will say that this is perhaps worsened by WPF and Silverlight, which have incorporated opacity using the RGBA (red-green-blue-alpha) spec, which is arguably a misnomer, since the alpha channel (aka opacity or transparency) is specified first. All that aside, I found myself wanting to find out what a certain opacity was when working on a WPF app, so instead of opening the calculator, I referred to my handy-dandy PowerShell, which is always open on my desktop.

Being a .NET developer, I knew the Convert class has the ability to convert to/from hex, so I started out with this simple one-liner to convert a hex number to its decimal equivalent.

[Convert]::ToInt32("a6", 16)

To go the other way, you simply switch out the method name and first parameter you pass in.

[Convert]::ToString(166, 16)

The first parameter is the value to convert and the second value is the base (i.e. 2 for binary, 8 for octal, 10 for decimal, and 16 for hexadecimal).From a PowerShell perspective, there are a two more things to note here, since we're accessing a static method. First, you have to surround the class name with brackets ([]); and, second, you have to separate the class and method names with two semicolons (::). Also note that, for some classes, you may need to use the fully-qualified class name, which includes the namespace.

After doing this, I remembered the numeric format shortcuts available in C#. For hexadecimal numbers, you can reference a value without treating it as a string by prefixing it with 0x. So, to convert my hex number to decimal, I was able to drastically shorten the code (can you even call this "code?").

0xa6

To go the other way, we'll tap into standard string formatting logic. Knowing .NET, our first guess might be to just convert it to PowerShell, like we did before.

[String]::Format("{0:x}", 166)

Here, we're specifying a string format that renders the first parameter as hex as well as the number we're converting. This isn't saving us anything, tho. Luckily, we have a bit of PowerShell magic to shorten this for us.

"{0:x}" -f 166

I thought this was confusing the first time I saw it, but comparing it to the String.Format() method brings it home for me. Hopefully, for you, too.

I'm now converting the hex number, but that isn't telling me what the opacity is. This probably isn't even worth mentioning, because I know you're smart enough to figure this out for yourself, but we simply need to use a bit of division to get that percentage.

0xa6 / 0xff

I now know that A6 is 65%.

If you find yourself using the calculator every so often while working on something, consider keeping PowerShell in the background and just bringing it up instead. It's a great way to get used to the tool and even boost your productivity, as you get used to things you can do faster in PowerShell than via the mouse.

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